Estiduantes mexicanos asesinados y Lucía Morett (sobreviviente), NO pertenecen a las FARC: cable de la embajada de Estados Unidos en México.

WikiLeaks: Cable 08MEXICO886

Carecen de base las acusaciones de que Lucía Morett y los estudiantes mexicanos asesinados el 1º de marzo de 2008 por militares colombianos en Sucumbíos, Ecuador, fueran contactos de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) en México o que recibieran entrenamiento por parte de esa guerrilla, se afirma en un cable diplomático emitido por la Embajada de EU en México. Aquí el texto íntegro del cable:

Emisor: Embajada de Estados Unidos en México

Destinatario: Secretaria de Estado

Clave: 08MEXICO886

Clasificación: Secreta/NOFORN

——-

2008-03-28 19:50:00
08MEXICO886
Embassy Mexico
SECRET//NOFORN 
VZCZCXYZ0003
PP RUEHWEB 
DE RUEHME #0886/01 0881950
ZNY SSSSS ZZH (CCY TEXT ADX: 767D28 
MSI6994 600)
P 281950Z MAR 08
FM AMEMBASSY MEXICO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 
1092
INFO RUEHWH/WESTERN HEMISPHERIC 
AFFAIRS DIPL POSTS PRIORITY
RUEAHLA/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY 
PRIORITY 

S E C R E T MEXICO 000886

SIPDIS

NOFORN
SIPDIS

C O R R E C T E D  C O P Y  
(ADDING CAPTION)

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/28/2018
TAGS: PREL (External Political 
Relations), PTER (Terrorists and Terrorism), KCRM (Criminal Activity), 
PINR (Intelligence), SNAR (Narcotics), MX (Mexico)
SUBJECT: THE FARC IN MEXICO

Classified By: POL Officer Frank 
Penirian. Reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).
1. (U) Summary.  The death 
of at least four Mexican nationals
during the recent Colombian attack 
on a Revolutionary Armed
Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerilla 
camp in Ecuador caused
again a brief stir in Mexico over 
FARC activity here.  Media
focus on the four nationals killed 
in Ecuador raised
questions as to whether the terrorist 
organization was
maintaining troubling ties to the 
Mexican far left and
narcotics cartels.  While 
an affinity between members of the
organization and the far left in 
Mexico no doubt remains
strong and provides a draw for 
fellow travelers to enroll in
FARC's cause in one fashion or 
another, Embassy law
enforcement and security elements 
have seen nothing to
indicate that the organization 
has broadened its presence in
Mexico significantly in recent 
years.  Similarly, despite
longstanding FARC commercial ties 
to the cartels, principally
as a steady supplier of cocaine, 
there is no evidence that
members of the organization have 
an established criminal
presence in Mexico.  End Summary.

2. (U) Five Mexican nationals were 
present at the FARC camp
in Ecuador where the organization's 
number two Raul Reyes was
killed by Colombian forces 3/1.  
Four Mexicans are confirmed
to have been killed in the attack, 
three of them students at
the Mexican National Autonomous 
University (UNAM).  Lucia
Morett Alvarez, who completed her 
studies at UNAM in 2005,
also was present in the camp but 
survived.  According to
press reports, Morett Alvarez headed 
a Mexican delegation
that traveled to Quito, Ecuador 
to attend a "Bolivarian
Congress" of Latin American 
leftist groups and that five of
them then decided to go to the 
rebel camp on the Colombian
border.  Morett Alvarez' family 
insist that she is not a
guerilla but was working on an 
academic paper on leftist
movements.  Unsubstantiated 
press reports alleged that she
was the main contact between the 
FARC and its supporters in
Mexico and that at least eight 
Mexican students are training
with the FARC in Colombia and Ecuador.

FARC's Political Presence in Mexico

3. (C) Given FARC's historical 
presence in Mexico, questions
about its current political activities 
are reasonable.
Mexico invited the organization 
to set up a political office
in Mexico City in 1992.  The 
move was consistent with the
GOM's relatively benign regard 
for the organization back
then, as well as its traditional 
interest in playing a
mediating role in regional conflicts, 
including Colombia's.
Mexico allowed the FARC to run 
a quasi-diplomatic operation
and press office in the belief 
that it might be useful in
pursuit of a peace settlement in 
Colombia -- and on the
condition that the organization 
not meddle in Mexico's
internal politics.  So long 
as successive Colombian
governments engaged in efforts 
to negotiate with the FARC
through the late 1990s and into 
2002, they tolerated an
"official" FARC presence 
in Mexico.  After 2001, battle lines
hardened and then President Andres 
Pastrana asked Mexico to
close the office shortly after 
he broke off peace talks with
the FARC in 2002.

4. (U) The office's principal reportedly 
relocated to Cuba
but maintained ties to members 
of Mexico's hard left.
According to Mexican academic Raul 
Benitez, FARC
intermediaries at times also delivered 
messages to senior GOM
officials.  In 2003, Colombia's 
Ambassador to Mexico publicly
voiced concern over FARC's continued 
activities here,
asserting that the organization 
worked through fellow
travelers in UNAM's philosophy 
department, but he provided
few details.  Charges have 
also surfaced over the years that
the organization has links to various 
indigenous guerilla
groups, including the Popular Revolutionary 
Army (EPR).

5. (S/NF) CISEN officials, however, 
have discounted such
links and in particular say they 
have ruled out a FARC
connection to the recent bombings 
carried out by the EPR.
Media have highlighted two videos 
showing FARC training
camps, one allegedly passed among 
UNAM students, another
purportedly showing Morett at a 
camp in military attire.  The
number of miltary recruits among 
the Mexican student body, as
opposed to sympathizers, is not 
likely to be large, however.
Most of the students attending 
the Bolivarian Congress in
Quito shortly before the attack 
on the FARC camp were clearly
political tourists.  One Mexican 
law enforcement official
expressed concern that some radical 
students have indeed
taken up arms for the FARC without 
saying how many.  This
official thought it conceivable 
that some might come back and
enlist as soldiers in the Mexican 
armed left, but said the
GOM had no evidence that any have 
yet done so.

FARC Drug Ties "Transactional"
6. (C) ICE, ATF and DEA do not 
have any open cases involving
the FARC in Mexico.  Organization 
members have been tied
loosely to several Mexican drug 
trafficking organizations in
the past in drugs for guns deals 
according to DEA.  In 2001,
Colombian Carlos Ariel Charry Guzman 
was arrested in Mexico
for acting as an intermediary for 
a drugs and weapons deal
with the Arellano Felix Cartel.  
According to the DEA, he was
a doctor for the FARC and came 
to Mexico to buy medical
supplies to take back to the camps 
of the FARC.  At the time,
Mexico's Attorney General publicly 
denounced the link between
the FARC and the Tijuana-based 
organization.  DEA also
reported that in October 2007 a 
plane piloted by known
Mexican narcotraffickers ran large 
quantities of cocaine
between Ecuador's border region 
(near a FARC stronghold in
Colombia) and Mexico.  After 
the killing of Reyes on March 1,
media carried an unsubstantiated 
report that one of the
computers seized at the site contained 
information relating
to a February 18, 2008, shipment 
of drugs to a cartel in
Mexico.  According to ATF, 
there is no evidence that the FARC
is supplying guns or ordnance to 
Mexican drug cartels, the
EPR or any other groups in Mexico.  
On March 12 Attorney
General Medina Mora sought to clarify 
the issue when he said
that the FARC maintains only "transactional" 
ties with
Mexican drug cartels, meaning they 
have no fixed presence in
Mexico, nor any interest in formally 
grafting on to local
crime organizations.  Embassy 
law enforcement officials say
no evidence exists to contradict 
this assertion.

7. (C) Comment.  Initially, 
the Mexican public expressed
outrage at the killing of Mexican 
nationals in Colombia's
raid on the guerilla camp in Ecuador.  
Progressively,
however, attention has shifted 
to FARC's presence in Mexico.
Publicly, President Calderon has 
walked a careful line
discretely rejecting Colombia's 
attack but devoting more time
to promoting reconciliation between 
the two sides.  While
there is evidence of sporadic FARC 
"transactional" activity
trafficking drugs and weapons, 
it would appear at this
juncture its primary focus is on 
conducting discreet
ideological activities to its student 
base in UNAM.  Many
Mexicans maintain a relatively 
benign regard for the FARC.
Indeed one senior SRE official 
told Poloff this week that the
organization springs from the legitimate 
left in South
America and "there is an historical 
basis for its existence."
 These sentiments notwithstanding, 
President Calderon has
evinced concern enough to task 
his own intelligence forces to
look more closely into FARC activities 
here.  End Comment.
Visit Mexico City's Classified 
Web Site at
http://www.state.sgov.gov/p/wha/mexicocity 
and the North American
Partnership Blog at http://www.intelink.gov/communities/state/nap 
/
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